It is a 100% organic product and is a proven natural alternative to mined peat moss, therefore using it helps slow down peat … - 2019 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia. Doesn’t that mean that more than enough degradation has taken place at this point? And the costs of not protecting peatlands are indeed high for both the local communities and the planet! archive.wetlands.org Is currently undergoing maintenance. Peat swamps in Malaysia … Wilmar’s “No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation Policy” requires that all of the palm oil it produces and trades is free of deforestation, peatland destruction, and exploitation. Sarawak. Tropical peat differs from temperate peat … “Collect data and from that data we can derive certain solutions in order to face challenges when we use peat as part of our economic development,” he said. Here’s hoping we get some of these questions answered and have improved communication to the broader public and to help inform policy. Ecosystem-scale methane fluxes from tropical peat ecosystems in Sarawak, Malaysia. ha - Some are successfully developed for short term crops, pineapples and oil palm Main issues - Less peat swamp forest - Over drained, subsidence - Fire (newly developed area) Development on acid sulfate soil High water tables in peatlands limit the amount of oxygen that reaches the organic material. PDF : 3. “Our objective is not only for Sarawak, not only for Malaysia. Coco Peat makes an excellent growing medium for hydroponics, soil mixes, and container plant growing. The Sarawak Tropical Peat Research Institute (STROPI) was founded in the year 2008. Earlier, Abang Johari noted that it has not been a smooth journey for MPS in the past 10 years as it faced many challenges from environmentalists on peat and carbon emissions. Radiah Othman, PhD, is an Associate Professor and Head of Land Management Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia. The behaviour and composition of these peats are different from each other, … Let MPS, with Sarawak as a backbone, convince the world that peat is useful in economic development. Wilmar will explore options for peatland restoration in some areas. According to the second edition of the Works Ministry’s Guidelines for Construction on Peat and Organic Soils in Malaysia, Malaysia currently has a total of 2,457,730ha of peat-covered land, with the largest … Oil palms are cultivated on peat on a large scale since the mid fifties. Please come back at a later time. Calen May-Tobin, was a lead analyst with the Tropical Forest and Climate Initiative, conducting research on palm-related deforestation and how to reduce the land-use carbon footprint of the palm oil industry. As organic material decays, the embodied carbon, much of which has been building for thousands of years, is released as carbon dioxide. We deliver to your doorstep. That should be our way forward. Alluvial soils are also known as fluvial soils or alluvium. https://blog.ucsusa.org/calen-may-tobin/peat-soils-in-sarawak-malaysia-435 All of these statements are scientifically untrue. Malaysian peat is a tropical peat (Andriesse, 1988). During particularly dry years, such as 1997, fires burning peat and vegetation in Indonesia released an amount of carbon equivalent to 13 to 40 percent of mean global carbon emissions from fossil fuels. They are also soft as … Its topo … Malaysia … In its introduction, these guidelines make the point that, “It is the prerogative of any government to develop its land resources for the socio-economic benefit of its people.” However, it does not then necessarily follow that these practices are, as stated previously, “scientifically sound and sustainable.”, A worker carries an oil palm sapling onto smoldering peatlands in the Indonesian province of Sumatra. “Our objective is not only for Sarawak, not only for Malaysia. Carbon dioxide exchange between the atmosphere and a secondary tropical peat swamp forest in Sarawak, Malaysia… Peat formation is influenced by moisture and temperature. It raises a lot of good points and the list of questions is definitely thought provoking. In his speech at the Malaysian Peat Society (MPS)’s 10th anniversary celebration at Sarawak Tropical Research Institute (Tropi) last night, he shared about how once a delegation from European Union (EU) tried to advise him on the danger of exploiting peat land, but could not produce convincing reasons. Regarding the other 29%, the operative phrase is ‘best management practices to reduce carbon emissions and environmental damage.’ Getting Wilmart and other producers to really do that is a huge battle, to be sure.’ They will argue that ‘it costs too much.’ We should argue that we can pay for it now or pay, much more, for it later! Please note that comments are open for two weeks following each blog post. The Malaysian Palm Oil Board states that Sarawak has about 1.6 million hectares of peatlands. Can’t Wilmart and other companies get enough palm oil from the 71% of the land which is not on peatlands? While it is estimated that around 29% of current oil palm plantations in Sarawak are on peatlands, that doesn’t mean that around 71% of the total land in Sarawak is available for development. In highly saturated anaerobic soils, … The SOPPOA is making claims that currently there are no credible scientific studies to justify the policy of ‘No Peat’ planting because all planters in the Sarawak adhere to the Malaysian Palm Oil Board’s Best Management practices for planting on peat, which they claim are scientifically sound and sustainable. Malaysia's online garden shop selling fertilisers, plant food, seeds, soil, planter box, pest control & outdoor living products. He said construction of roads on peat soil poses great engineering challenges to Sarawak, as compared to road construction in Peninsular Malaysia where peat soil is almost non-existence. And I definitely agree with your assessment. Major Soil Types in Malaysia and Soil Classification 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Major Soil Type 2.1 Residual soils 2.2 Glacial soils 2.3 Alluvial soils 2.4 Lacustrine soils 2.5 Marine soils 2.6 Aeolian soils 2.7 Colluvial soils 2.8 Organic soils and peat 3.0 Soil … By far the largest problem is that these guidelines do not take into account the enormous importance, both in terms of carbon and biodiversity, of these lands. “Recently we announced that we will build a centre for research of infectious diseases. KUCHING, Dec 22 ― Scientific evidence is important to convince the world that peat is useful in economic development, said the Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Abang Johari Tun Openg. Most of Malaysia’s peatland comprises peat swamp forest, which is said to be a critically endangered category of forested wetlands, and is usually located in coastal areas in all states except … While intact peatlands also emit carbon dioxide, it has been shown that disturbed peatlands lose carbon not only from the upper levels of soil and from plant growth, but also the carbon that has been stored in the soil for centuries. Peat soils are classified as histosols. What a Relief! Photo: Paul Hilton Photography. It is estimated that only 10 percent of peatlands from Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, and Sumatra are either intact or only slightly degraded. UCS believes it is important to protect all tropical peatlands, regardless of depth because of their importance in carbon sequestration and biodiversity. Will Renewables Finish Ahead of Coal in 2020? Sarawak is rich in peat soils, so this new policy could have real implications for where oil palm plantations can expand in that state. To contribute to the comments and general discussion here, I’d like to draw your attention to a paper published this week on ‘Research agendas for the sustainable management of tropical peatland in Malaysia’ (available for download here: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/92219/). These soils are transported to their present position by rivers and streams. But it’s the announcement by Wilmar, the largest trader (and one of the largest producers) of palm oil, that is likely to have the greatest impact on the palm oil industry. Wilmar will not buy palm oil from plantations that have been established on peat soils of any depth after its December 5 announcement. However, drained tropical peat soils are extremely flammable and in the past have gotten out of control, causing fires that have raged for months, releasing CO2 into the atmosphere and causing health concerns. are overlain with substantial formations of peat soils, almost unrivalled when compared to other parts of Malaysia. However, these plantations must follow a certain set of best practices guidelines by the end of 2015. Gondang There are 2.4 million hectares of peat in Malaysia, with 1.5 million hectares occurring in Sarawak alone. By the early 2000s, Sarawak had already lost about 100,000 ha (~247,000 acres) of peatlands to oil palm plantations. To help maintain a healthy, respectful discussion, please focus comments on the issues, topics, and facts at hand, and refrain from personal attacks. This peat has unique characteristics, which makes it significantly different from other peat. For example, some non-peatlands are forested, and it is important to protect these forests as well. Thanks for a concise summary of the situation in Malaysia regarding palm oil plantations, peat soil, etc. If all the carbon in Malaysian peat soils were to be released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide, it would be equivalent to the total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from 2008-2012. Bright Spots on Climate to End a Dark Year. Ask a Scientist: What Must the Biden Administration Do to Protect Federal Science? Support from UCS members make work like this possible. The poor inherent physical properties of peat such as low bulk density, high water-table and rapid subsidence rate make its development for oil palm … FREE SHIPPING in Peninsular Malaysia for orders above RM200.00. The institute was initially established as the Tropical Peat Research Laboratory Unit (TPRL) under the mandate of the … “What is important is scientific evidence. Malaysia), followed by Peninsular Malaysia … We will allocate for research of infectious diseases to show whether something right... Shipping in Peninsular Malaysia … carbon dioxide and methane emission in pineapple cultivation important. So few intact or only slightly degraded Sumatra are either intact or only slightly degraded and particularly its peatland.! 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